is a disease that causes bones to become thin and weak, often resulting in fractures (broken bones). Fractures can cause debilitating pain, reduced mobility, and a loss of quality of life. This disease generally occurs in post-menopausal women, but it can affect anyone- both young women and men. It is essential for those who might be prone to osteoporosis
to take active measures to prevent the disease before it sets in.
Here is a list of factors to determine if you are at risk for osteoporosis:
- Ethnicity:are Caucasian or Asian.
- Age: older women of post-menopausal years are at greater risk
- Size: weigh less than 127 lbs (low weight for height), mostly applies if you are also Caucasion or Asian.
- Family History: Have any relatives who have/had osteoporosis (broken bone of the wrist, hip, leg or spine occurring without major trauma, or a family member who has suffered a height loss of more than 1-1/2 inches)
- History of broken bones: have a personal history of fractures (broken bones) during adulthood that occured from minimal trauma.
- Amenorrea: have a temporary loss of monthly periods for more than 12 consecutive months or infrequent periods for several years (excluding pregnancy)
- Low Calcium intake: Lifelong low intake of calcium (such as through diet or calcium supplements)
- Sedentary lifestyle:Lifelong history of little exercise (less than 60 minutes per week)
- Smoke: history- past or present- of long-term smoking (more than 1 pack a day for more than 5 years)
- Alcohol Consumptiom: history of alcohol abuse or current excessive consumption of alcohol.
Have a chronic diseases or conditions that is often associated with osteoporosis. See list below:
- Chronic lung disease
- Diabetes, Type I
- Eating disorders (anorexia, bulimia)
- Hyperparathyroidism (excessive parathyroid hormone
- Hyperthyroidism (excessive thyroid hormone)
- Inflammatory bowel disease
- Kidney disease
- Liver disease
- Digestive disorders (such as celiac disease or other gastrointestinal disorders such as Crohn's disease or Ulcerative colitis) that cause malabsorption
- Neurological diseases (such as stroke and multiple sclerosis)
- Rheumatoid arthritis
Have taken any of the following medications:
- Steroids (such as prednisone or cortisone) used for more than 3-6 months to treat asthma, arthritis, Crohn's disease or other diseases.
- Immunosuppressants (such as methotrexate or cyclosporin)
- Blood thinning agents when necessary for chronic use (such as long-term use of Coumadin or Heparin)
- Certain drugs that are used to treat seizure disorder or depression
- Gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogues (Lupron and Zoladex) used to treat endometriosis
- Thyroid medications, taken in high dosages, with lack of routine blood tests for TSH-level monitoring
- Took a low estrogen birth control pill for at least 1 yr during formative bone density building years(late teens - the twenties)
If you fit a number of these criteria, contact your doctor and request a bone density screening. It is important to get an early read to prevent further bone loss as well as to, potentially, take medications that increase bone density growth.
- This page was originally created by Suszz at 00:44 on May 26, 2013.
- This page was last modified by An Anonymous User at 06:31 on January 22, 2006.
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